The Pig and Whistle

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Arnold, Albert John
Arnold, Florence
Claridge, Arthur William T
Claridge, Emily
Claridge, Walter Dorrington
Ivin, Elizabeth
Ivin, Richard
Ivin, William
Smith, William Henry
Webb, Henry
Willis, Jonah

The Pig and Whistle beerhouse/inn was located to the north-west of Quenington, one of the group of buildings at Crossroads, opposite the present Godwins factory on Springfield Road. It is now a private house. In 1915, when it was put up for sale by auction by the Brimscombe Brewery it was described as follows:

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Lot 22
The Pig and Whistle Inn
Quenington, Two Miles from Fairford
Beer-house

It is stone-built and stone tiled and contains Smoke-room with corner cupboard, Tap-room with
fixed window seat, Lobby with deal glass cupboard and table, Cellar with fixed tobacco safe and tramming, Larder
with cupboard and table as fixed. On the upper floors: Sitting Room, Three Bedrooms, Three Attics and Two Store Rooms.

There is also Underground Cellarage comprising Beer and Coal Cellars in connection with
which a lift has been installed.

Outside are brick-built stables for 3 horses with loft over, stone built Trap House and Yard.

This lot is let to Mr A J Arnold on a yearly tenancy (subject to 3 months notice) at 16 pounds a year.

The fixtures as mentioned above are included in the sale. The purchaser shall pay the price of three
pounds in addition to his purchase money for deal seat and deal bench in Smoke room, settle and deal bench in the Tap-room,
and galvanized soft-water tank, which are the property of Messrs Smith and Sons Limited.

______________________________________________________

The establishment has been associated with the Ivin family from probably the late 1840s, when it was owned by the head of the family. As was often the case it passed down through the family, from Richard to son William, then to Elizabeth, William's sister-in-law. Eventually Elizabeth's son-in-law Henry Webb had the licence, if not the ownership, but he became bankrupt and the remnants of his licence were bought by the Brimscombe Brewery (Smith and Sons). They must at some time have bought the establishment, for in 1915 it was put up for sale and eventually bought by Cirencester Brewery. During the tenure by Brimscombe and Cirencester breweries there were a number of licensees:

.

Richard Ivin(1840s)-1861 
William Ivin1849-1867Richard Ivin's son
Elizabeth Ivin1861-1871William Ivin's sister-in-law
Henry Webb1882-189x)Elizabeth Ivin's son-in-law
Jonah Willis1894 
Arthur William Thomas Claridge1895-1897 
Walter Dorrington Claridge189x-1911Arthur Claridge's brother
Albert Arnold1915-1918 
Florence Arnold(1918)-1927Albert Arnold's widow
William Henry Smith1927-1940 

After the second war, from 1946, a number of names are associated with the establishment. This must reflect the fact that it closed at about this time and the building became a private house.

Richard Ivin

Richard Ivin was born in Quenington in about 1775, married at the turn of the century and had a number of children in the early years of the new century. In the 1830s, 1840s and 1850s he was the owner of unspecified property and gardens and a shop in Quenington. In 1841 he was a working as a mason, and in 1851 at the age of 75 a farmer of 57 acres. He died in 1860.

The first known reference to ownership of a beerhouse comes after his death in 1861, though it was probably as early as 1849. His will shows possession of three cottages and gardens and a beerhouse. The beerhouse was left in trust to son-in-law William Stephens, yeoman, of Foxcote and William Salmon, corn merchant, of Fairford. Son William was in occupation, and may have been since 1849, see below. He was to remain there until his death and to receive all rents and profits during his tenure. Thereafter the establishment was to be sold by private treaty or auction, and the money raised to be divided among daughters of sons William and Thomas. Perhaps this is when the establishment passed to Smith and Sons of the Brimscombe Brewery in Stroud. But whatever the outcome members of the extended family remained, perhaps as tenants, until near the end of the century.

Background
1799 parQuenington    11 Mar, marriage to Sarah Garner/Gardner
1836-53erQuenington    owner of freehold houses and gardens
1830,53dirQuenington     shopkeeper
1841cenQuenington60mason with wife and 3 children
1851cenQuenington 75farmer 57 acres, with grandchildren
1861gro,par,probQuenington   died13 Feb, death registered Cirencester 1st quarter, buried 17th Feb
Will dated 9th Nov 1860, proved 16th Apr 1861:
Ownership of 3 cottages/gardens occupied by Elizabeth Winstone, [first name omitted] Pettyford and John Davis, and a beerhouse occupied by son William.

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William Ivin

Richard's son William was a beer-seller for nearly two decades. He was born in 1802, married in 1827 and in 1841, and perhaps also 1851 worked as a paper-maker, no doubt in the factory at the bottom end of the village near the church. From 1849 he was a beer retailer in the beerhouse owned by his father and under the terms of his father's will, see above, remained until his death in 1867. In 1864 he was the owner of a freehold house and garden in the village, though whether this was the beerhouse is not shown. His wife died in 1864 and on his own death in 1867 he was survived only by a daughter, who was married and living away from the village. She was awarded letters of administration with respect to William's estate and affects. Presumably the beershop was sold in accordance with his father's instructions. However, it continued to be occupied by an Ivin, William's sister-in-law Elizabeth, see next item.

Background
1802 par Quenington    1 Nov, baptised
182(7) parAmpney St Mary   married Elizabeth Wise
1841 cenQuenington40paper-maker with wife Elizabeth 40 and daughter Elizabeth 10
1849 parQuenington  publicanmarriage of daughter Elizabeth
1851cenQuenington48 paper-makerwith wife Elizabeth
1853-63erQuenington   beer retailer  
1856 dirQuenington  beer retailer 
1861 cen Quenington 57beershop keeperwith wife Elizabeth
1864er Quenington     owner of freehold house and garden
1864 gro,parQuenington    death of wife Elizabeth, 64. Death registered Cirencester 1st quarter, burial 1 Feb
1867 par, gro, probQuenington64innkeeperdied 28 January, death registered Cirencester 1st quarter, buried 1 Feb
Probate:
died 28 Jan 1867 at Quenington, innkeeper, letters of administration to Elizabeth Gibbs of Winstone,, daughter, sole next of kin

Elizabeth Ivin

Elizabeth Ivin took over the licence as beerhouse-keeper, around 1870 and held it for between ten and twenty years before passing it on to her son-in-law Henry Webb. She was the sister-in-law of previous tenant William, the widow of his brother John. She was born Elizabeth Brown in Hatherop in about 1808. She married Quenington-born John Ivin in 1832 and the pair started married life in Hatherop. John was a mason. He owned unspecified property in Quenington, and the family moved there shortly after 1851. John died in 1865.

By 1871 Elizabeth had taken a licence as a beerhouse-keeper, presumably that released by the death of brother-in-law William Ivin, and presumably of the Pig and Whistle. In 1868 her daughter Annie had married Henry Webb labourer of Quenington and they moved in with Elizabeth, though she, as tenant, was head of household and beer retailer. Full details of Henry below. In 1891 the licence had passed to Henry Webb with Elizabeth, now in her eighties, clearly retired and living on her own means. She died in 1898 at the age of 89.

Background
c1808cenHatherop   birth
1832parHatherop  married John Ivin of Quenington
1841cenHatherop33 with husband John, mason, and children
1851cenHatherop43 with hisband John, mason, and children
1853erQuenington  husband owner of freehold land in Quenington
1861cenQuenington53 with husband John,, mason, and children
1865erQuenington  husband owner of freehold land
1865gro,par,probQuenington  death of husband John, mason
1868parCheltenham  daughter Annie married Henry Webb of Quenington
1871cenQuenington63beerhouse-keeperhead of household, with son-in-law Henry Webb and his family
1881cenQuenington73beer retailerhead of household, with son-in-law Henry Webb and his family
1891cenQuenington83own meanswith son-in-law Henry (head of household) and his family
1897gro,parQuenington89 died, death registered Cirencester 3rd quarter, buried 23d Jul

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Henry Webb

Henry Webb was licensee of the Pig and Whistle beerhouse in the 1880s and early 1890s. He was the son-in-law of the previous licensee Elisabeth Ivin. He was born in Coln St Aldwyns, near Quenington, in about 1836, his father Edward a farmer, by 1861 a farm labourer. He was at home in Coln until the 1860s, working first as a farmer's son then as a farm labourer.

In 1868 he was in Cheltenham to marry Annie, daughter of Elizabeth Ivin, beer retailer in Quenington. Bride and groom moved into the beerhouse, and started a family there, though Elizabeth was still head of household and licensee to at lest 1881. Henry worked as a labourer, and in 1871 as a sawyer. He took over a seven-year licence in 1885 and in 1891 his mother-in-law was still living there in retirement and on her own means.

There were financial problems in 1889, allegedly as a result of his having to look after a sick mother-in-law and a niece, and also because of a poorly managed groceries store, and Henry was made bankrupt. The remainder of the seven-year licence was sold to Smiths and Sons, brewers of Brimscombe. Henry was retained as tenant - he was still there in 1891 but the tenancy was transferred to a Jonah Willis in November 1894. After this w he worked as an estate labourer, at first (1901) in Quenington, then (1911), a widower, in his birthplace Coln St Aldwyns. He died and was buried in Coln in 1923 at the age of 87.

Background
c1836 cenColn St Aldwyns    year of birth (one source says Hatherop)
1841cenColn St Aldwyns5  at home, father Edward farmer
1851cenColn St Aldwyns14farmer's sonat home, father Edward farmer
1861cenColn St Aldwyns25farm labourera home, father Edward farm labourer
1868groCheltenham    marriage to Annie Ivin registered 1st quarter
1868-79 parQuenington   labourerchildren’s baptisms
1871cenQuenington34sawyerwith mother-in-law Elizabeth Ivin, beerhouse keeper, wife and two children
1881cenQuenington45general labourer with mother-in-law Elisabeth Ivin, beer retailer, wife and 5 children
1882parQuenington   innkeeperbaptism of daughter Cicely Martha
1885Quenington    25 Sep, 7-year licence for Pig anbd Whistle granted
1885-90er Quenington    occupying a dwelling house (occupational voter)
1889 doc,preSwindon  innkeeper Sep, declared bankrupt
1889 pre    remainder of lease for Pig and Whistle sold to Smith and Sons, brewers of Brimscombe
1889 docSwindon   innkeeper11 Dec, application for debtor’s discharge, address Quenington
1889doc(Quenington)   innkeeper and general dealer 20 Dec, first and final dividend of 5s 3d, Mr H C Tombs, 32 High Street, Swindon
1890parQuenington   innkeepermarriage of daughter Fanny Maria
1891cenQuenington56innkeeper and wood-sawyer with wife and children, also mother-in-law Elizabeth Ivin living on own means
1894preQuenington  Nov, licence of the Pig and Whistle transferred to Jonah Willis
1897gro,parQuenington    death of mother-in-law
1901cenQuenington65estate labourerwith wife and lodger
1911cenColn St Aldwyns75 estate labourer widower, with brother, sister and daughter
1923gro,parColn St Aldwyns87  death registered Northleach 2nd quarter, buried 4 June

Jonah Willis

Jonah Willis was licensee for just a short time and little is known of him. The licence was transferred to him in November 1894, then in June the following year to Arthur William Thomas Claridge. Willis was clearly a career licensee. In 1894, just before his arrival in Quenington, he had held the licence at the Plough Inn in Wootton Bassett, Wiltshire. In 1896, after leaving Quenington, he was at the Ancient Order of Foresters in Sherston, also Wiltshire, and still there in 1903 when there was a summons relating to selling beer to a child. He must have made little impression in Quenington.

Arthur William Thomas Claridge

Arthur Claridge was innkeeper at the Pig and Whistle from 1895 to at least 1898. He was born in Compton Abdale, Goucestershire in 1862. He acquired the licence at the Pig abd Whistle in 1895 from Chedworth, where he had been a publican. He had left by 1899 when his brother Walter was the innkeeper, see next entry. This brief stay may have been typical of the man. Later records show him in various places in Gloucestershire, once in Monmouth, working either on farms or in the innkeeping trade. In this way he may have been following the example of Thomas, his father. When Thomas died on a visit to Quenington in 1898 he was described as previously innkeeper at Northeach, farmer at Chedworth and briefly at the Rose and Crown Inn at Cheltenham.

Arthur died at the age of 80 in 1947 in Gloucester, where he was then living.

Background
1867par,gro,39Compton Abdale  born 4 Feb, birth registered Northleach 1st quarter, baptised 3rd Mar, father Thomas labourer
1895preQuenington  transfer of licence of Pig and Whistle from Jonah Willis
1895parChedworth27publican 6 Jul, marriage to Rose Ellen Massey, own address Quenington
1896preQuenington  at Pig and Whistle as contact for sale of cottage in the village
1897parQuenington  innkeeper6 Jun, baptism of daughter Ellen Mary
1897dirQuenington beer retailer 
1898preQuenington innkeeperat Pig and Whistle when father died there
1901cenWestbury-on-Severn34farm stockman 
1911cenLeckhampton, Glos40farm bailiff 
1923erCheltenham  with wife Rose at Southfield Farm, Sandy Lane
193239Coleford, Glos  with wife Rose at Prince of Wales Inn
193939Monmouth hotel managerwith wife Rose and guests at Agincourt Hotel
1947gro,probGloucester80 died 12th Apr, death registered Gloucester City 2nd quarter, address 34 Collingbourne Road

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Walter Dorrington Claridge and wife Emily

Walter Dorrington Claridge was the innkeeper at the Pig and Whistle beerhouse for perhaps a decade and a half before World War 1. He was born in 1874 in Shipton Oliffe, Gloucestershire. His father was a labourer, and while Walter was still at home, a wood sawyer and then a farmer. Walter was at home until 1891, a farmer's son, and the following year enlisted in the army (Army Service Corps). He is perhaps the same Walter Claridge who was discharged from the Grenadier Guards ten years later.

Walter was in Quenington in 1899 to marry Emily Barnes, a local girl, and recorded as a labourer. However, a tax document of the same year shows him as the occupant of a beerhouse owned by Smith and Son, ie the Pig and Whistle. Perhaps his military duties account for his absence in 1901, when his wife is shown as the innkeeper, no doubt assisted by two brothers, hauliers, who were living there. Walter was in Quenington In 1908 when he rented a field, and also in 1911. He had given up the beerhouse licence by 1915 when a new tenant Albert Arnold was there, see next item.

Walter had other irons in the fire. In 1911 he describes himself as innkeeper and contractor. In 1908 and 1912/13 Walter took the tenancy of land in Quenington, including a field with cattle-yard and cattle-shed. However, there is as yet no detailed information after 1914. Thomas and Emily remained in Quenington after the war. Thomas died in 1935 at the age of 62. Emily was still in the village in 1939, living on private means. There were probably no children.

Background
1874 gro,par Shipton Oliffe     birth registered Northleach 4th quarter, baptised 27 Dec, father Thomas labourer
1881cenShipton Oliffe 6  at home, father Thomas wood sawyer
1891cenShipton Oliffe 16 farmer's son at home, father Thomas farmer at Saltway Farm
1892mil 18   enlisted in the army, see below
1899par,preQuenington 22 labourer marriage to Emily Barnes, see below
1899docQuenington     occupying beerhouse and premises owned by Smith and Son (tax record for 1899)
1901cenQuenington    not found, but wife Emily in Quenington, innkeeper, with two brothers, hauliers
1902mil 27   possibly released from the army, see below
1906-14dirQuenington   beer retailer  
1908docQuenington    "of the Pig and Whistle", to rent field known as Cross Hedge Ground from Sir Michael Hicks Beach
1911cenQuenington36 innkeeper and contractor at the Pig and Whistle, with wife Emily and nephew and niece, employer, no children
1914preQuenington    6th May, Pig and Whistle licence transferred to Albert John Arnold
1914docQuenington    to rent field called Harrington Hill with cattle yard and shed, 10.75 acres
1918-35 erQuenington    householder
1935gro,probQuenington62  died 18th Oct, death registered Cirencester 4th quarter, buried 21 Oct
1935probGloucester   28 Nov, to Emily Claridge, widow, 419 18s 6d
193939 Quenington     widow Emily at Murdock Villa, living on private means
marriage 8 Mar 1899 at Quenington
Walter Dorrington Claridge, 22, labourer, address Quenington, father Thomas farmer
Emily Barnes, 25, no occupation, address Quenington, father James labourer
military records
1892, Walter Claridge, age 18, born 1874 at Shipton Oliffe, enlisted in Army Service Corps, number s/10883
possible continuity:
1902, Walter Claridge, age 27, born 1875, discharged from the Grenadier Guards, number 4391

Albert John Arnold and widow Florence

Albert was the tenant at the Pig and Whistle in 1915. However, his tenure was brief. He was called up for military service in World War 1 and lost his life in France in 1918. His widow Florence took over the tenancy which she held until 1927.

Albert was born in Quenington in 1878, his father John Fergus a labourer. He was at home until 1891, his father now a brewery agent. He married in Cirencester in 1901 by which time he had moved to London, working as a carpenter. He remained there until at least 1904 but by 1911 he had returned to Quenington, still a carpenter. He acquired from W D Claridge the licence for the Pig anbd Whistle in 1914 and was show as such when the beerhouse was put up for auction by Brimscombe Brewery in 1915. At some point he was mobilised for military service in the Devon Regiment. He later transferred to the Labour Corps, typical of a soldier who has been withdrawn from the front line through wounds or sickness, and lost his life in France in 1918. More details of his military service can be found in www.quenington1914.co.uk .

His widow Florence took over the tenancy until this was taken over in 1927 by William Henry Smith. Florence remained in Quenington and in 1939 was living with her son and his family in Quenington. She died in 1969 at the age of 90.

Background
>
Albert John
1878 cen,regQuenington   birth registered Cirencester 2nd quarter, baptised 9th Jun, father John Fergus labourer
1881 cenQuenington2  at home father a brewery agent
1891 cenQuenington13  at home father a brewery agent
1901 gro,par Cirencester 23 carpentermarried Florence Jane Randall, see below, marriage registered in Cirencester 2nd quarter
1902 gro Walworth, London    daughter Ivy Florence born, London, birth registered in Southwark 2nd quarter
1902groActon Green, London  carpenter6 Jul, daughter Ivy Florence baptised St Albans, address 21 Rothschild Road
1904 groChiswick, London     son Cecil John born in Chiswick, London, birth registered in Brentford, 3rd quarter
1904 parActon Grn, London  carpenter 5 Jun, son Cecil John baptised St Albans, address 21 Rothschild Road
1911 cenQuenington32carpenter at home in Quenington with wife and children
1914preQuenington    licence of Pig and Whistle transferred from W D Claridge
1915 erQuenington     registered voter, householder
1915 docQuenington    landlord of the Pig and Whistle in Quenington (doc - Sale of Brimscombe Brewery)
1918 mil,proFrance     lost his life on active service, address Pig and Whistle Inn, Quenington. see www.Quenington1914.co.uk
1919 dir Quenington   beerhouse-keeper[unamended entry]
marriage, 8 Apr 1901 in Cirencester Parish Church, Gloucestershire:
Albert John Arnold, 23, bachelor, carpenter, address 20 Newington Crescent, London, father John, farmer
Florence Jane Randell, 22, spinster, no occupation, address 168 Gloucester Street [Cirencester], father George, gardener
witnesses George Randall, Gertrude Randall, Ernest Guest, Edith Arnold
Florence
1919-39 erQuenington    householder
1923,27 dirQuenington   beerhouse-keeper 
1939 39Quenington    living at Grey Gables with son Cecil and daughter-in-law, dob 13th May 1878
1969 regCirencester90  death registered Cirencester 1st quarter, age 90

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William Henry Smith

William Henry Smith was the tenant at the Pig and Whistle for much of the inter-war period. He was born in 1878 in Ablington, Bibury, not far from Quenington, his father a baker. When he married in Bibury in 1910 he was working as a domestic gardener and living in Kempsford. He was still in the Cirencester district in 1915, which covers Kempsford and also Hatherop, where he was in 1918.

He served in World War 1, and was an absent military voter in Hatherop in 1918. No details of his service are known. He then lived in Hatherop with his wife, occupation unknown, until 1926. In 1927 he had moved to Quenington and was the tenant of the Pig and Whistle until at least 1939. He died in 1940 at the age of 62.

Background
1878cen,39Bibury  born 10 Dec
1881cenAblington3 at home, father William baker
1891cenAblington13 at home, father William baker
1910cenAblington33 at home, father William baker
1910parBibury32gardener3rd Dec, married Lavinia Baylis, see below
1911cenKempsford, Glos33domestic gardenerat home with wife, address Riverside Lodge
1911parBibury gardenerbaptism of son William Francis of Kempsford
1915groCirencester  birth of daughter Beatrice L registered 1st quarter
1918-26erHatherop  with wife at 27 Hatherop, absent military voter in 1918
1927-39erQuenington  with wife Lavinia at the Pig and Whistle Inn
1931-39dirQuenington beer retailer 
193939Quenington innkeeperat the Pig and Whistle with wife and children, dob 10 Dec 1878
1940groCirencester 62  death registered 4th quarter
marriage at Bibury 3rd Dec 1910:
William Henry Smith, 32, gardener, address Kempsford, father William baker
Lavinia Frances Bayliss, 27, no occupation, address Bibury, father Jesse labourer

1 February 2021